Art & Architecture

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Esential Question

How has Roman art impacted the world today?


Summary of Research

WashingtonArch.jpg

Expanding from Europe into Western Asia and parts of Northern Africa, the Roman Empire was the biggest empire of its time. Its culture was reflected into its art and architecture. During its spread, the Empire adopted many concepts from other cultures that it concered. These ideas merged with each other, fusing together and adopting the Roman culture. These ideas are left in the art work and archetecture through out Roman history. Today, looking closly, you can find traces of the ancient Rome just about everywhere you go. One of the best examples is found in France, the Arc de Triomphe. It was built by Neoploean in an attempt to Romanise France in the 19 centery. Back in America, United States' court houses are often constructed with Roman collums. Another example found in the United States is the Washington Square arch.


Summary of Content

Roman art and architecture was greatly influenced by Greek culture. Roman architecture was once almost identical to that of the Greek; however, as time went on and the Roman Empire became more established, Roman architecture slowly separated from its Greek look and became a form on its own. The Romans invented concrete and cement to help them build, mold, and sculpt different structures and designs. With these materials, Romans had the potential to build strong, fireproof, water tight structures. One of the most widely known structures built by the Romans was the Roman Coliseum which held over 50,000 spectators. This mighty structure was use for gladiator battles, and its significance explains allot about the people and culture of Rome. Many Romans expressed themselves through other forms of art, such as paintings, sculptures, and mosaics.


Influences

Roman art was influenced by many sources. Rome art adapted as they concured other civilizations. Their art work was taken from Egypt, Greece, Africa, and other places. Their art was also drivin by the images of their gods. Statues and paintings where made with images of their emporers and leaders. From these influences Roman art became what it is today.


City Planning

During the early republic, City planning was very poorly planned and consisted of wavy maze like streets. In the late peroids of the republic, City planning was more rectangular. The Cities consisted of two major roads, one headed North and South, the other headed East and West. These main roads crossed in the center of the city. As the cities despersed, more roads where introduced, and these road also ran in perpendicular cross sections. The rectangular building planning alloud easy navigation and flow through out each city.


Markets

Markets in Rome are very similiar to that of markets of New York. Each market consists of a one room building extended over the side walk. In Roman times, these markets where often combination mill-bakeries. In some acasions, shops clostered together to make a two story complex of shops, similiar to a mall.


Famous Works

One of the most famous works through out Rome is the Roman collisseum. Located in Rome Italy, this structure held up to 50,000 sepectators, which easily compares to some of the large stadiums we have today. Its structure is similiar to that of an ampatheater. The construction itself took over 10 years to complete, starting from 70 AD to 82 AD. Over the next 500 years the structure was used for various forms of entertianment, including gladiator battles. During its times it was known as the Flavian Amphitheatre. The Flavian dynasty ruled Rome during construction and completion of the Amphitheatre, and therefor the amphitheatre was named after them. In 96 AD, the Flavian dynasty ended.

FlavianAmp.jpg


Public Works

Great Roman Aquaducts

Public works consisted of bridges, aquaducts, and other structures. The bridges alloud easier travel over ruff terrian. Aquaducts where large slanted structures design to bring water into cities. Aquaducts are very common throughout Rome.


The Trevi fountian is the largest of the Baroque Fountians of Rome. Standing 85 feet tall and 65 feet wide, the fountain is know for its outstanding beauty. Although illegal to swim in, tourists and natives use the fountain as a wishing well, tossing coins and wishing away.

Fountain.jpg


Private Residences

Private homes where despersed throughout Rome. The typical Roman house or Domus consisted of a main enterance leading to a main room with an open sky. This main room was used to collect rain water, therefore a basin was placed in the center.


Anylasis and Conclusion

Roman art and architecture was very complex and goes back many years. As with any society, their culture is influenced by their past history. Romans where influenced greatly by the Greeks and also affected by all the cultures they conqured. This influenced are shown through the art and architecture of the ancient Roman society. Many countries today are influenced by their past events including the Americas which today still reflect some aspects of Roman art and architecture.


Sources

Hodge ,Suzie. Ancient Roman Art. Des Plaines: Heinmann Interactive Library, 1998.

Dutemple, Lesley. The Colosseum. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Company, 2003.

Jovinelly, Joann. Netelkos, Jason. The Crafts and Culture of the Romans. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, 2002.

Hinds, Kathryn. The Ancient Romans. New York: Marshall Cavendish Corporation, 1997.

Di Pasquale, Giovanni. Bardi, Matilde. Ancient Rome. Ohio: McGraw-Hill, 2002.

Illustrated History of the Roman Empire. <http://www.roman-empire.net/>.

Rome Project. <http://intranet.dalton.org/groups/Rome/index.html>.

Ancient History. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/>.

Art of Ancient Rome. <http://www.kyrene.k12.az.us/schools/brisas/sunda/arthistory/rome.htm>.

Art and Artists or Ancient Rome. <http://www.crystalinks.com/romeart.html>.

Ancient Rome. <http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/romans/>.

Ancient Rome. <http://historylink101.com/ancient_rome.htm>.

Rome Art and Architecture. <http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761556319/roman_art_and_architecture.html>.

Ancient Rome: Images and Pictures. <http://catholic-resources.org/AncientRome/>.

Roman Aqueducts. <http://www.tqnyc.org/NYC052265/aqueducts.htm>.