Archduke Franz Ferdinand
essential question-How did the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand effect World War I?
Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated bothe him and his wife
The Archduke Franz Ferinand
Franz Ferdinand was born December 18, 1863 in Graz Austria. Franz is he eldest son of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria, and his second wife princess Maria Annunciata of the Two Sicilies. At the age of twelve his cousin Duke Francis V of Modena died. This then made Franz Ferdinand become one of the wealthiest men in Austria. Growing up as a child he was given the normal strict education the same as any other archduke. From the years 1876 through 1885 his tutor was the famous historian Onno Klopp. In 1883 Franz Ferdinand entered the army with the rink of being the third lieutenant.
The History of Franz Ferinand
In 1889, Franz Ferdinand's life changed. His cousin who was crowned Prine Rudolf commited suicid at his hunting lodge. This tragedy left Franz Ferdinand's father, as first in line to the throne. This caused alot of problems with the people in the country. He then married sophia, Duchess of Hohenberg. They had three children who were in the family of both kings and queens.
The Assassination of the Archduke and his wife
The cars sped to the Town Hall and the rest of the conspirators did not interfere with them. After the reception in the Town Hall General Potiorek, the Austrian Commander, pleaded with Francis Ferdinand to leave the city, as it was seething with rebellion. The Archduke was persuaded to drive the shortest way out of the city and to go quickly.
The road to the maneuvers was shaped like the letter V, making a sharp turn at the bridge over the River Milgacka. Francis Ferdinand's car could go fast enough until it reached this spot but here it was forced to slow down for the turn. Here Princip had taken his stand. As the car came abreast he stepped forward from the curb, drew his automatic pistol from his coat and fired two shots. The first struck the wife of the Archduke, the Archduchess Sofia, in the abdomen. She was an expectant mother. She died instantly.The second bullet struck the Archduke close to the heart. He uttered only one word, 'Sofia' -- a call to his stricken wife. Then his head fell back and he collapsed. He died almost instantly. The officers seized Princip. They beat him over the head with the flat of their swords. They knocked him down, they kicked him, scraped the skin from his neck with the edges of their swords, tortured him, all but killed him.
1878 Treaty of Berlin, Austria-Hungary received the mandate to occupy and administer the Ottoman provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina while the Ottoman Empire retained official sovereignty. Under this same treaty, Serbia was at last recognized by the Great Powers as a fully sovereign state, as the Kingdom of Serbia. Initially Serbia was content to live within its small borders, which encompassed only a fraction of the ethnic Serbian population.
This changed in 1903 when Serbian military officers led by Dragutin Dimitrijević stormed the Serbian Royal Palace. After a fierce battle in the dark the attackers captured General Laza Petrović, head of the Palace Guard, and forced him to reveal the hiding place of King Alexander and his wife Queen Draga. The King and Queen opened the door from their hiding place. The King was shot thirty times; the Queen eighteen. MacKenzie writes: "The royal corpses were then stripped and brutally sabred." The attackers threw the corpses of King Alexander Obrenović and Queen Draga out of a palace window, ending any threat that loyalists would mount a counter attack. General Petrović was then killed too. (Vojislav Tankosić organized the murders of Queen Draga's brother's; Dimitrijević and Tankosić in 1913-1914 figure prominently in the plot to assassinate Franz Ferdinand.) The conspirators installed Peter I of the House of Karađorđević as the new king.
The new dynasty was more nationalistic, more friendly to Russia and less friendly to Austria-Hungary. Over the next decade, disputes between Serbia and its neighbors erupted as Serbia moved to build its power and gradually reclaim its 14th century empire. These disputes included a customs dispute with Austria-Hungary beginning in 1906 (commonly referred to as the "Pig War" as pigs were Serbia's major export to Austria-Hungary), the Bosnian crisis of 1908–1909 where Serbia assumed an attitude of protest over Austria-Hungary's annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina, and finally the two Balkan wars of 1912–1913 where Serbia conquered Macedonia and Kosovo taking these provinces from the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria.